Arts administration (also referred to as arts management and cultural management) has evolved as a specialized academic field over the past 40 years. In the United States, the late 1960s and early 1970s – during the same time period as the formation of the National Endowment for the Arts – marked the beginning of arts management as a field. While a specialized institute was launched at Harvard University in the mid-1960s, Yale University is generally credited with having created the first university program in arts administration in 1966. Several similar programs in other countries were initiated in the late 1960s, most notably City University in London, England in 1967, St. Petersburg Theatre Arts Academy in Russia in 1968, and York University in Canada in 1969. Founded in 1975 at the University of Music and Performing Arts in Vienna (termed a Hochschule at that time), IKM is considered to be one of the founding European educational programs in this field. A period of slow growth in arts administration training programs from 1966 to 1980 was followed by rapid growth in the field from 1980s to the present, especially in European nations (as well as other regions of the world), as factors such as new accountability standards and the demand to increase earned income sources in cultural organizations began drive administrative professionalization of the cultural sector.
Der gesamte Text von Patricia Dewey, Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Arts and Administration Program University of Oregon (hier als pdf-download)
As a guest instructor and research fellow Patricia Dewey conducted research on her dissertation during the 2002-2003 academic year at the IKM. The main focus of her dissertation research (titled Training Arts Administrators to Manage Systemic Change) was on assessing arts administration education in the United States and Europe.